Lice are parasitic insects that can be found on people's heads and bodies,including the pubic area. Human lice survive by feeding on human blood. Lice found on in the public area are called ,Pthirus pubis ("crab" louse, pubic louse), and are typically found attached to hair in the pubic area but sometimes are found on coarse hair elsewhere on the body (ex. Eyebrows, beard, chest,armpits). Pubic lice infestations are spread most commonly by close person-to-person contact. Dogs, cats, and other pets do not play a role in the transmission of human lice. Lice move by crawling, they can not hop or fly.

Scabies are mites (bugs) that dig under the skin when laying their eggs,often in the genital area. Both cause extreme itching. Both are passed from one person to another during sex, but can also be transmitted having contact with clothes, bedding, and towels that have been used by the infected person.

There are both over-the-counter– and prescription creams available to get rid of crabs and scabies. Use as directed by your medical provider. You must also wash your clothing, bedding and towels in hot water to rid of the infection. Clothes that can't be washed (i.e. leather jackets, etc.) should be in a sealed plastic for at least 72 hours.