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Health and Human Services

Geographic profiles

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Community Health Profiles
The community health profiles highlight important health issues facing the residents of geographically-defined areas within the city of Houston. These areas are defined socio-politically, as Super Neighborhoods, and city council districts, and for purposes of public health administration (public health regions) and resource needs (such as medically-underserved areas and populations). This site will soon provide a health profile of each area. It is the intention of the Houston Department of Health and Human Services to promote a better understanding by local residents, community-based organizations, community leaders, medical providers, and the public health community of the unique character and circumstances of our various communities and to draw attention to those matters that contribute to the greatest of health disparities among the citizens of our growing city.

Contents of the Profiles
Each profile contains the following public health indicators:

Demographics
The community or area is summarized “at a glance” from Census 2000 information –
age distribution, race, ethnicity, national origin, employment, poverty, educational attainment, and population stability.

Mortality
The 10 leading causes of death in the community or area are presented, by number,
age-adjusted rate, and comparison of rates with the background rate of Houston, as a whole.  Causes of special interest, such as coronary heart disease, motor vehicle accidents, fire-arm related deaths, drug-induced deaths and suicides are also presented.

Years of Potential Life Lost
The 10 leading causes of years of potential life lost are presented in terms of both crude and age-adjusted YPLL rates, with comparisons to the underlying rates due to the same causes, in Houston as a whole.  To the extent that data allow, additional rates are calculated for each community or area for each specific cause of YPLL by sex of the decedent.  Age 65 is used as the cut-off for calculating YPLL in these profiles.

Maternal and Child Health
Entry into prenatal care by trimester of pregnancy is reported, by race/ethnicity of the mother, where possible.  Proportions of low birth weight births (LBWB) in the area are reported in comparison to background proportions seen among Houston births as a
whole. This last indicator is also reported as it relates to the Healthy People 2010 goal.

Births to Teen Mothers
The proportion of all births in the area or community that are to teen mothers is
provided, as are the rates of births to different groups of teen mothers in the area (compared to background rates in Houston as a whole), and a comparison of this
indicator is provided, when appropriate, to all other areas (super neighborhoods, city council districts) in the city.

Infant Mortality
The infant mortality rate in the area or community is presented, in comparison to the background Houston rate, by race/ethnicity of the decedent, and is compared to the Healthy People 2010 goal.  Infant mortality rates are compared to all other areas (super neighborhoods, city council districts). Where possible, neonatal infant deaths (where survival is under 28 days) are also presented by race/ethnicity.

Leading Causes of Hospitalization
Frequencies of the top 10 causes of hospitalization in the area are reported.  Rates of preventable hospitalizations by area are under development for publication elsewhere
on this site.

Crime
Selected crimes are presented as proportions of all crime in an area, and are compared to proportions of the same crimes in Houston as a whole.  Violent crime rates are compared between the area or community and the city, and are compared between the specific area and all other areas (super neighborhoods, city council districts) in the city.

Tuberculosis
Counts and descriptive statistics are provided on 5-year aggregations of cases reported among residents of an area or community.

Drowning and Submersions
Counts and descriptive statistics are provided, where appropriate, as 5-year
aggregations of cases reported among residents of an area or community.  Note that where fewer than 5 events have occurred, exact counts are not reported to protect confidentiality.

 
Foodborne Illnesses
Counts of selected food-related illnesses are provided as 5-year aggregations of cases reported among residents of an area or community.

Environmental Health and Safety
A map of each community or area is provided, identifying the location and number of toxic release inventory sites within a 1-mile distance of the boundaries of the selected area.

HIV/AIDS
Annual HIV/AIDS diagnosis rates, predominant risk factors, groups at risk are reported
by zip code.  The source of the data, the Bureau of Epidemiology, HIV/AIDS Surveillance Program, does not report HIV/AIDS case information at the individual address level, and counts of cases specific to super neighborhoods, city council districts, and other geographies cannot be provided, directly.  Zip codes are use to provide only estimations of disease rates within the boundaries of other geographies of interest.

Gonorrhea
Annual rates of disease are presented in comparison to rates in other communities or areas, and in comparison to Houston as a whole.  A description of the distribution of
cases by age, sex, and race is provided, where appropriate.

Syphilis
Annual rates of disease are presented in comparison to rates in other communities or areas, and in comparison to Houston as a whole.  A description of the distribution of
cases by age, sex, and race is provided, where appropriate.

Chlamydia
Annual rates of disease are presented in comparison to rates in other communities or areas, and in comparison to Houston as a whole.  A description of the distribution of
cases by age, sex, and race is provided, where appropriate.


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Super
Neighborhoods

Acres Home
Addicks Park Ten
Afton Oaks - River Oaks
Alief
Astrodome Area
Binz
Braeburn
Braeswood Place
Briarforest Area
Carverdale
Central Southwest
Clear Lake
Clinton Park
   Tri-Community
Denver Harbor - Port
    Houston
Downtown
East Houston
East Little York -
    Homestead
Eastex - Jensen Area
Edgebrook Area
El Dorado - Oates Prairie
Eldridge - West Oaks
Fairbanks - Northwest
    Crossing
Fondren Gardens
Fort Bend - Houston
Fourth Ward
Golfcrest - Bellfort -
    Reveille
Greater Eastwood
Greater Fifth Ward
Greater Fondren
    Southwest
Greater Greenspoint
Greater Heights
Greater Hobby Area
Greater Inwood
Greater Third Ward
Greater Uptown
Greenway - Upper Kirby
    Area
Gulfgate Riverview - Pine
    Valley
Gulfton
Harrisburg - Manchester
Hidden Valley
Hunterwood
IAH - Airport Area
Independence Heights
Kashmere Gardens
Kingwood Area
Lake Houston
Langwood
Lawndale - Wayside
Lazy Brook - Timbergrove
Macgregor
Magnolia Park
Meadowbrook - Allendale
Medical Center Area
Memorial
Meyerland Area
Midtown
Mid-West (a.k.a. Woodlake
    - Briarmeadow)
Minnetex
Neartown - Montrose
Northshore
Northside Village
Northside-Northline
Oak Forest - Garden Oaks
OST - South Union
Park Place
Pecan Park
Pleasantville Area
Second Ward
Settegast
Sharpstown
South Acres - Crestmont
    Park
South Belt - Ellington
South Main
South Park
Spring Branch Central
Spring Branch East
Spring Branch North
Spring Branch West
Sunnyside
Trinity - Houston Gardens
University Place
Washington Avenue
   Coalition-Memorial Park
Westbranch
Westbury
Westchase

Westwood
Willow Meadows -
    Willowbend Area
Willowbrook

Additional Information
of Interest