Houston Health Department
Tuberculosis (TB) Control
What is TB Disease?
Tuberculosis (TB) is a disease caused by germs that are spread from person to person through the air when an individual with TB disease of the lungs or throat coughs, sneezes, speaks, or sings. TB disease usually affects the lungs, but it can also spread to other parts of the body, such as kidneys, spine, eyes, and even the brain (especially in children). TB disease does not discriminate; it can affect anyone. A person with TB can die if they do not get treatment; however, properly treated, TB can be cured.
What are the symptoms of TB disease?
The symptoms include:
- Cough lasting two or more weeks
- Coughing up blood
- Chest pain when coughing
- Night sweats, chills, fever
- Weight loss
- Loss of appetite
What is TB Infection?
- Feels healthy
- Has no signs of illness
- May test positive on a TB skin test or blood test
- Cannot infect other people
- Might develop TB disease if their immune system becomes weak
Tuberculosis in Houston
The City of Houston, Harris County, Texas is a large metropolitan area with an estimated population of 2,200,000. Tuberculosis continues to be a health problem in Houston while continuing on a downward trend.
Our mission is to reduce the prevalence of tuberculosis in the greater-Houston area. We screen, identify, and treat individuals with TB. We partner with TB providers to ensure optimal TB care.